An Epistemic Defeater for Islamic Belief?

A Reply to Baldwin and McNabb


  • Jamie Benjamin Turner Ibn Haldun University



Islamic epistemology, defeaters, proper functionalism, reformed epistemology, Plantinga


Abstract. This article seeks to outline how a Muslim believer can deflect a defeater for Islamic belief put forward by Erik Baldwin and Tyler McNabb. In doing so, it aims to reject the suggestion that an Islamic religious epistemology is somehow antithetical to a model of Reformed epistemology (RE) which is not fully compatible with Plantingian. Taken together with previous work on Islam and RE, the article not only aims to provide reason to think that Baldwin and McNabb’s proposed epistemic defeater for Islamic belief isn’t problematic, it also seeks to show how the concerns raised by Baldwin and McNabb over a Plantingian model of RE in Islamic milieu, are no longer tenable.

Author Biography

Jamie Benjamin Turner, Ibn Haldun University

Research Fellow in Department of Philosophy


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How to Cite

Turner, Jamie Benjamin. 2022. “An Epistemic Defeater for Islamic Belief? A Reply to Baldwin and McNabb”. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 14 (1):123-42.